91st Infantry in World War I. Analysis Of An AEF Division's by Bryan L. Woodcock

By Bryan L. Woodcock

Includes The american citizens within the First international conflict representation Pack—57 photos/illustrations and 10 maps

The 91st Infantry department used to be a countrywide military department created ahead of international battle I. dependent at Camp Lewis, Washington, it used to be composed of draftees from the northwestern usa. Following a teach up that lasted below three hundred and sixty five days, this department departed for Europe in June 1918. In France, the 91st department carried out extra education, however the AEF driven it to front strains sooner than it was once accomplished. In its first wrestle adventure, the 91st department fought at the entrance strains of the Meuse-Argonne. within the first days of this conflict, the 91st department, even supposing green, received extra flooring than the other American department. notwithstanding, it paid a heavy fee by way of American lives. The AEF hence assigned the department to paintings lower than French command within the conflict of Ypres-Lys in Belgium. This thesis examines the department leadership's skill to execute necessary...

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Finally, this thesis is dedicated to PVT Loran Woodcock, a Great Uncle, who died in the Meuse Argonne on 29 September 1918. As a member of the 364th Infantry, my family never knew what actually happened to him. ” ACRONYMS AEF—American Expeditionary Forces BDE—Brigade BG—Brigadier General CPT—Captain DOW Died of Wounds MAJ—Major MG—Major General OTC—Officer Training Camp ILLUSTRATIONS Figure 1. 91st Division WWI Organization Figure 2. Plan of Attack of the First Army, September 26, 1918 Figure 3.

Pershing wanted his leaders to think offensively, and believed that they should focus training on marksmanship, open warfare, and flexible formations. However, many units had difficulty applying these principles in the trench environment, and the allies believed that American units should be taught the concepts of trench warfare that they had learned during the first three years of fighting. Regardless of what type of tactics they emphasized, many units struggled with tactical maneuver almost immediately.

Thesis Statement The 91st Division appeared to be very successful on the battlefield. Its leaders maintained morale and led the division to gain more ground than other divisions in an extremely difficult combat environment. However, the division was very inexperienced. Its training and execution of concepts such as command and control, movement and maneuver, and integration of fires lacked proficiency. Although the 91st had impressive gains in the Meuse-Argonne, these gains came at an exceptionally high cost and by the end of the battle, the division had nearly culminated.

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