By Gabriel G. Bes, Thierry Guillotin
This booklet offers vital effects from the ESPRIT undertaking 393 "Construction and Interrogation of information Bases utilizing traditional Language textual content and pix" (ACORD). The undertaking concerned greater than fifty humans overfive years, and incorporated commercial and educational companions from 3 international locations. the most results of the undertaking is a hugely refined human-machine interface permitting the development and interrogation of a typical wisdom base in English, French, and German, utilizing either common language and photographs. bankruptcy 1 provides an summary of the undertaking. Chapters 2-4 strengthen particular matters bearing on thegrammar types used (functional grammars and unification categorial grammars). bankruptcy five discusses anaphora answer and bankruptcy 6 textual content new release. bankruptcy 7 explains the mixing of textual content and snap shots, and bankruptcy eight discusses the data base module. The contributions are theoretically orientated and strongly all in favour of generalization and the underlying history of strength extra advancements.
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Additional resources for A Natural Language and Graphics Interface: Results and Perspectives from the ACORD Project
Tional) linguistics must be ranged with physics. ). tion of the Spanish edition of the book (Bunge, Mario. tigocion cienh/ico. , Ariel, 1969) 49 variables is quickly lost. But this state of affairs must be interpreted as pointing to the necessity of a descriptive metalanguage rather than the opposite. Criticism (ii) asserts the uselessness of a metalanguage; this, at best, doubles the work that is necessary in any case. The validity of criticism (ii) depends on the definition of grammar. Besides formal properties, we suggest that grammars, when referring to such objects as LFG, UCG, GPSG, FUG, HPSG particular grammars, are intended to satisfy at least three basic requirements : (a) (b) (c) Constructi ve rules Integration with parsing and generation Characterisation of NL By (a) we understand that the rules of the grammar are not only inferencing rules but also actual processes defining effective construction of structures from other structures.
Vx '" (lex (x) 1\ wh(x» Vx np(x) ~ (lex(x) V wh(x» Pure implicational axioms (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) "'( ==> np V pp V dn np <==> nom V obj dn ==> B objF ~ \Vh nomB ~ lex U nicity axioms (9) (10) (11) < < < (~ dn ~ nom ~ 54 (12) < obj > Incompatibility axioms (13) (14) (15) nomB X dn objwhB X dn nomwhF X dn Order axioms (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) nomB < objB dn < objB objF < nomF ppF < (nom V obj) (nom V obj V dn) < ppB Absolute existential axioms (21) (22) 3( 3(nom V d) Relative existential axiom (23) 3nomB ~ 30bjwhF The models of 0.
Clitic_order deals with the possible order of eli tics , which obeys the following transition matrjx3: 3Where G = grammatical, • = non grammatical, tII= impossible. 28 I/ II prod lace] I prod[dat] I prolace] I proldat] I .. ace! prod[dat] pro [ace] pro[dat] .. .. y G ~ ~ ~ .. .. ~ ~ .. .. ; en [ace] en [de] se[ace] se[dat] ~ .. ~ G ~ ~ G G ~ G ~ ~ ~ G .. ~ I enlace] I entde] I setace] I sefdatJ . I G ; ~ y .. .. G ~ ~ ~ ~ G ~ .. ~ G G G G G .. ~ G G .. ~ .... ~ .. ~ ~ .. ~ .. .. .. ~ ~ Where: prod[acc] recovers me, te, nous, vous in accustive position prod[dat] recovers me, te, nous, vous in dative position pro[acc] recovers Ie, la les in accusative position pro[dat] recovers lui.