Academic Voices: Across Languages and Disciplines by Kjersti Fløttum

By Kjersti Fløttum

This ebook explores how the voices of authors and different researchers are manifested in educational discourse, and the way the writer handles the polyphonic interplay among those numerous events. It represents a special examine of educational discourse in that it takes a doubly contrastive procedure, concentrating on the 2 elements of self-discipline and language while. it really is in line with a wide digital corpus of 450 examine articles from 3 disciplines (economics, linguistics and medication) in 3 languages (English, French and Norwegian). The publication investigates even if disciplines and languages should be stated to symbolize varied cultures in regards to individual manifestation within the texts. what's being studied is therefore cultural identities as traits in linguistic practices. for almost all of the positive factors enthusiastic about (e.g. metatext and bibliographical references), the self-discipline issue seems to give a contribution extra strongly to the difference saw than the language issue. even if, for many of the positive aspects (e.g. pronouns and negation), the language issue is additionally rather robust.

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As regards who or what is responsible for identity and cultural construction, they refer to two kinds of approaches, viz. : 48), putting the main focus on the community. : 44). These global identities linked to academic disciplines must then be acquired by the student through a socialisation process. As mentioned above, such a process involves not only mastering the knowledge base of the discipline; as knowledge claims have to be communicated, mastering of the rhetoric of a discipline (Prelli 1989) becomes a vital part of the identity building.

3 There is no one uniform and homogeneous enunciative theory. It is more appropriate to speak about different variants of a common perspective. French enunciative linguistics has developed over many years. It is quite common to point to Charles Bally’s work as the origin and to Emile Benveniste as the one to elaborate the enunciative perspective into a theory (see Benveniste 1966). 4 Benveniste (1966) defines enunciation as ”la mise en fonctionnement de la langue par un acte individuel d’utilisation”5 and thus attaches importance to enunciation as an individual act (and a historical event) where the language as system (langue) is put into function.

In this book, we will study a selection of linguistic features contributing to the rhetorical reasoning in research articles. We will now take a closer look at the particular text genre of the research article. The genre context in which the text is produced is, in fact, crucial to our explanations of the linguistic observations. 3, the text genre is considered a context in itself. g. Bazerman 1988; Swales 1990; Berkenkotter & Huckin 1995; Berge 2003; Breivega 2003; for more general perspectives on the notion of genre, see Berge 1990; Freedman & Medway 1994; Adam 1999, 2005; Ledin 1999; Berge & Ledin 2001; Rastier 2001).

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