Adolescent Sleep Patterns: Biological, Social, and by Mary A. Carskadon

By Mary A. Carskadon

Teenagers are one of the such a lot sleep disadvantaged populations in our society. This ebook explores the genesis and improvement of sleep styles at this section of the lifestyles span. It examines organic and cultural components that impact sleep styles, offers hazards linked to loss of sleep, and divulges the consequences of environmental components resembling paintings and college schedules on sleep. This examine will attract psychologists and sociologists of formative years who've now not but thought of the real function of sleep within the lives of our adolescence.

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Extra resources for Adolescent Sleep Patterns: Biological, Social, and Psychological Influences

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On the other hand, using a matched comparison of prepubescent and pubertal adolescents in a carefully monitored sleep-loss study, we noted a tendency for younger children to respond with somewhat more frequent “unintentional” sleep episodes (Carskadon, Littell, & Dement, 1985). This finding also seems to indicate a reduction in the intensity of the homeostatic sleep-wake control as a function of adolescent development. Nevertheless, the question remains open whether pubertal maturation impacts on the homeostatic mechanisms controlling sleep and its consequences for waking behavior.

European Journal of Physiology 391:314–318. 3. Endocrine Changes Associated with Puberty and Adolescence gary s. richardson and barbara a. tate Endocrine Changes in Puberty In humans, puberty is defined as the interval between first signs of disinhibition of the central neuroendocrine systems controlling pituitary-gonadal function and the completion of sexual development and achievement of reproductive competence. The morphologic correlates of puberty include rapid physical growth (the adolescent “growth spurt”) and development of secondary sexual characteristics.

Only about one-quarter of the sample reported participating in extracurricular club activities during the preceding week, and 90% of these students took part fewer than 12 hours per week. Students in this survey reported somewhat more participation in sports, with about one-third of students involved in organized athletics in the past week, 80% of whom reported participating 12 or fewer hours per week. For the majority of the students, therefore, extracurricular club activities or after school sports were not a major factor determining sleep patterns.

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