Advances in Marine Biology by David W. Sims (Eds.)

By David W. Sims (Eds.)

Advances in Marine Biology has been offering in-depth and updated reports on all facets of Marine Biology in view that 1963 -- over forty years of exceptional insurance! The sequence is recognized for either its excellence of stories and enhancing. Now edited via D.W. Sims (Marine organic organization Laboratory, Plymouth, UK), with an across the world well known Editorial Board, the serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date content on a variety of themes for you to attract postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries technology, ecology, zoology, and organic oceanography. * Rated "Number 1" within the hugely aggressive class of Marine & Freshwater Biology by means of ISI within the 2000 ISI journals quotation file * keeps an influence issue of 3.37, the top within the box * sequence positive factors over 35 years of assurance of the study

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3. Primary Production: Plankton, Light and Nutrients Microscopic marine phytoplankton form the base of the marine food web. They use energy from the Sun to fix CO2 and account for around 45% of global primary production. , 2007; Fig. 7), sinks 28 Philip C. Reid et al. 7 Cartoon of the Biological pump modified from Falkowski and Oliver (2007). g. zooplankton, fish and squid) and O2 is produced by phytoplankton as well as other gases such as methane and DMS. below the upper sunlit layer every year.

3). This cold water forms via intense air/sea/ice interaction at the surface, sinks and then spreads northwards towards the Arctic. A freshening of the AABW has occurred off a large sector of East Antarctica that may in part reflect melting at depth ($700 m) of Antarctic glaciers that extend over the sea (see Section 7). , 2008). 3. Slowing down of the MOC and cooling of NW Europe The general consensus from modelling projections for the twenty-first century is that there is likely to be a reduction in the strength of the Atlantic MOC of up to 50% of its current strength.

Warming has been more pronounced in the Southern Ocean over the last 50–70 years (Gille, 2002, 2008) and has changed locally around the Antarctic Peninsula where the very rapid atmospheric warming has been paralleled by an increase in surface ocean temperature of >1  C in summer months since the 1950s (Meredith and King, 2005). Superimposed on the global trend are natural interannual and decadal variability. This is associated in the Atlantic, for example, with the NAO and the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO), and in the Pacific with the PDO/ENSO.

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