By Albert Mroz
In global battle I the yank motorized vehicle was once verified via the surprising visual appeal of huge delivery demanding situations. The nation's giant production features and considerable ordinary assets mixed with elevated standardization and mass creation to allow the to satisfy the military's wishes. motorcars and plane have been speedy cemented because the such a lot influential army instruments of the early 20th century. This ebook either describes the improvement and use of a variety of really good motorized vehicles in the course of international conflict I and analyzes how their creation indelibly altered smooth struggle and transportation.
Read or Download American Military Vehicles of World War I: An Illustrated History of Armored Cars, Staff Cars, Motorcycles, Ambulances, Trucks, Tractors and Tanks PDF
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Extra resources for American Military Vehicles of World War I: An Illustrated History of Armored Cars, Staff Cars, Motorcycles, Ambulances, Trucks, Tractors and Tanks
The Kahn-Wadsworth Bill after World War I allowed for the distribution of thousands of surplus trucks such as FWD for road building in America. V. Rickenbacker, who had been a famous pilot and was also a chauffeur for General Pershing, testiﬁed after the war about FWD trucks: I can only say, and will be backed up by some of the most eminent engineers of Europe and America, that it was one of the greatest factors in the defense of Verdun, Chateau-Thierry and even Paris. The FWDs were found everywhere, hurrying supplies of all descriptions, where most needed, and at the right time, frequently turning the tide of battle, for without it our armies in the ﬁeld would have been nothing for want of ammunition and supplies.
As heavy-duty and mechanically advanced as Mack trucks were at this time, all of these used chain drive. Chain drive was prone to disrepair due to the tremendous amount of friction wear and need for adjustment, as the chain literally stretched before breaking, but most drivers and mechanics understood the relatively simple technology of the chain. Differentials using bevel or worm gear drive were still a hidden mystery to most of those involved in truck repair and required a higher degree of sophistication in manufacturing, especially in metallurgy and machining of gears.
20-inch armor plate riveted at right angles to a square cage made of structural steel on a 4 × 4 Jeffery truck of 1914, probably completed in early 1915. Despite its real shortcomings, the Jeffery armored car would be a platform from which further development continued. However, as impressive as the vehicles appeared, the issue of armor for armor’s sake would be complicated by the problem of speed, maneuverability, steering, traction and visibility for the driver. Lack of good roadway, pavement or even solid ground precluded most armored cars from being at all effective in real combat situations until these problems were solved with deﬂection shape for lighter materials, large tires with heavy tread pattern, periscope vision and bullet-proof glass, multiple-drive axles and wheels, and other utilitarian features.