By Tremper Longman III, Raymond B. Dillard
This moment variation of An creation to the outdated testomony integrates and interacts with fresh advancements in previous testomony scholarship. numerous precise set it except different introductions to the previous testomony: • it truly is completely evangelical in its standpoint • It emphasizes “special introduction”―the research of person books • It interacts in an irenic spirit with the historical-critical process • It beneficial properties issues of analysis heritage and consultant students instead of an exhaustive remedy of previous scholarship • It offers with the that means of every booklet, now not in isolation yet in a canonical context • It probes the which means of every booklet within the surroundings of its tradition together with callouts, charts, and graphs, this article is written with a watch on knowing the character of previous testomony historiography. This upper-level creation to the previous testomony deals scholars a superb knowing of 3 key matters: old heritage, literary research, and theological message.
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Extra resources for An introduction to the Old Testament
This failure to achieve consensus is represented by the occasional division of source strata into multiple layers (see Smend’s J1 and J2) that often occasions the appearance of new sigla (for instance, Eissfeldt’s L[aienquelle], Noth’s G[rundschrift], Fohrer’s N [for Nomadic], and Pfeiffer’s S [for Seir]. A further indication of the collapse of the traditional documentary hypothesis is the widely expressed doubt that E was ever an independent source (Voz, Rudolph, Mowinckel; cf. 18). Similar disagreements are also found in the dating of the sources.
Those responsible for the editing of the sources are commonly referred to as redactors or editors. These redactors were responsible for the growth of the tradition, as first of all J and E were joined, then D with JE, and finally P with JED. The most important redactor would have been the last, since he put the distinctive cast on the final form of the Torah. For a recent presentation of one view of the documentary hypothesis, see the interesting work of Friedman (2003). ALTERNATIVE CRITICAL VIEWS The pages above have described the classical documentary hypothesis.
J. Wenham, “The Date of Deuteronomy: Linchpin of Old Testament Criticism: Part II,” Themelios 11 (1985): 15–17; idem, “Genesis: An Authorship Study and Current Pentateuchal Criticism,” JSOT 42 (1988): 3–18; idem, Story as Torah: Reading the Old Testament Ethically (Baker, 2004); R. N. Whybray, The Making of the Pentateuch: A Methodological Study (JSOTS 53; Sheffield: JSOT, 1987); M. J. Williams, Deception in Genesis: An Investigation into the Morality of a Unique Biblical Phenomenon (Peter Lang, 2001).